What Are The 8 Routes Of Drug Administration?

What are the routes of drug administration explain?

A route of administration in pharmacology and toxicology is the path by which a drug, fluid, poison, or other substance is taken into the body.

Routes of administration are generally classified by the location at which the substance is applied.

Common examples include oral and intravenous administration..

What are the 10 routes of drug administration?

Each route has specific purposes, advantages, and disadvantages.Oral route. Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets. … Injection routes. … Sublingual and buccal routes. … Rectal route. … Vaginal route. … Ocular route. … Otic route. … Nasal route.More items…

What are the 7 routes of medication administration?

Each route has specific purposes, advantages, and disadvantages.Oral route. Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets. … Injection routes. … Sublingual and buccal routes. … Rectal route. … Vaginal route. … Ocular route. … Otic route. … Nasal route.More items…

What are the 3 types of injections?

The three main routes are intradermal (ID) injection, subcutaneous (SC) injection and intramuscular (IM) injection. Each type targets a different skin layer: Subcutaneous injections are administered in the fat layer, underneath the skin.

What is the most common route of administration?

Oral administrationOral administration This is the most frequently used route of drug administration and is the most convenient and economic. Solid dose forms such as tablets and capsules have a high degree of drug stability and provide accurate dosage.

Which is faster IV or IM?

IV injections take effect the fastest, and the effects also dissipate the fastest. IM injections take effect the next fastest, and SQ injections take the longest to take effect.

Is sublingual faster than oral?

Peak blood levels of most products administered sublingually are achieved within 10‐15 minutes, which is generally much faster than when those same drugs are ingested orally. Sublingual absorption is efficient. The percent of each dose absorbed is generally higher than that achieved by means of oral ingestion.

What absorbs faster subcutaneous or intramuscular?

All Answers (11) The IM route has a better absorption than subcutaneous , obviously due to rich supply of blood comparatively to the subcutaneous tissue.

Which route of medication administration has the slowest rate of absorption?

There are five ways someone can ingest or consume a drug, listed in order of slowest to fastest acting. Injection provides a direct route to the bloodstream, while the transdermal mode of administration requires an indirect and much slower process.

Which route of drug administration is the fastest?

Intravenous (IV) drug use in which the drug is injected directly into a vein and enters the bloodstream to reach the brain. This is the quickest way of achieving a psycho-active drug effect. The drug effect is experienced in less than one minute.

What are four routes of administration?

The way by which illicit drugs can be administered or taken into the body are numerous. These routes include the oral route, transdermal, inhalation, and intravenous injection.

What are the parenteral routes of administration?

Parenteral Administration Parenteral routes of administration include the subcutaneous, intramuscular, and intravenous routes. For these routes to be viable, a medication must be water-soluble or in suspension.

What are the four enteral routes of administration?

Enteral administration involves the esophagus, stomach, and small and large intestines (i.e., the gastrointestinal tract). Methods of administration include oral, sublingual (dissolving the drug under the tongue), and rectal.

What is an side effect?

In medicine, a side effect is an effect, whether therapeutic or adverse, that is secondary to the one intended; although the term is predominantly employed to describe adverse effects, it can also apply to beneficial, but unintended, consequences of the use of a drug. …