What Are The 5 Rules For The Administration Of Medication?

What is the fastest route of drug administration?

Intravenous (IV) drug use in which the drug is injected directly into a vein and enters the bloodstream to reach the brain.

This is the quickest way of achieving a psycho-active drug effect..

What are four routes of administration?

The way by which illicit drugs can be administered or taken into the body are numerous. These routes include the oral route, transdermal, inhalation, and intravenous injection.

What are the 4 basic rules for medication administration?

The “rights” of medication administration include right patient, right drug, right time, right route, and right dose. These rights are critical for nurses.

What is the correct order for medication administration?

Following the basic rule coupled with the “8 rights of medication administration” — right patient, right dose, right medication, right route, right time, right reason, right response and right documentation — can help you avoid medication administration errors.

What should you do if you give someone the wrong medication?

If the patient tells you it is the wrong medication or treatment, stop and check the order. Check physician orders for changes, and if you are unsure of a dosage, ask another nurse or the pharmacist to double-check your calculations. Double check to makes sure equipment alarms are set appropriately.

Why is the timing of medication administration important?

They need to be given at specific times, such as every morning, to keep that amount of drug in your system. Taking a dose too soon could lead to drug levels that are too high, and missing a dose or waiting too long between doses could lower the amount of drug in your body and keep it from working properly.

What are the key principles surrounding the administration of medicines?

Principles of drug administrationThe right client.The right drug.The right dose.The right time.The right route.The right assessment.The right documentation.The client’s right to education.More items…

How do you check the right time on the 5 rights of medication administration?

Follow the 5 “Rs” of Medication SafetyRight Drug: Double-check the label and bottle. … Right Dose: Most of the time, this can be achieved just by double-checking the label to see what dose needs to be given. … Right Time: With so many medications to keep track of, it can be difficult to remember which medicine to give and when to give it.More items…•

What is a medication error?

A medication error is defined as “any preventable event that may cause or lead to inappropriate medication use or patient harm while the medication is in the control of the healthcare professional, patient, or consumer,” according to the National Coordinating Council for Medication Error Reporting and Prevention.

What are the 7 rights for medication administration?

To ensure safe medication preparation and administration, nurses are trained to practice the “7 rights” of medication administration: right patient, right drug, right dose, right time, right route, right reason and right documentation [12, 13].

What are the 8 routes of drug administration?

For small therapeutic molecules, various routes for drug administration are parenteral (intravenous, intramuscular, and subcutaneous), oral, nasal, ocular, transmucosal (buccal, vaginal, and rectal), and transdermal.

What are the 3 checks of medication administration?

WHAT ARE THE THREE CHECKS? Checking the: – Name of the person; – Strength and dosage; and – Frequency against the: Medical order; • MAR; AND • Medication container.

What are the 10 rights of a patient?

Patients RightsRight to Appropriate Medical Care and Humane Treatment. … Right to Informed Consent. … Right to Privacy and Confidentiality. … Right to Information. … The Right to Choose Health Care Provider and Facility. … Right to Self-Determination. … Right to Religious Belief. … Right to Medical Records.More items…

What is the most common route of administration?

Oral administration This is the most frequently used route of drug administration and is the most convenient and economic. Solid dose forms such as tablets and capsules have a high degree of drug stability and provide accurate dosage.

What should you check before administering medication?

Before administering medication, it is critical to have five areas of information correct: patient identification, medication, dosage, time, and route.

What are the key points when applying creams?

Staff should wear disposable gloves when administering creams, ointments or emollients. Corticosteroid creams and ointment need to be applied thinly – this minimises the amount absorbed into the body through the skin. When applying a moisturising cream or ointment (emollient) this can be applied liberally.

What is the purpose of the 10 rights of medication administration?

Understanding the 10 Rights of Drug Administration can help prevent many medication errors. Nurses, who are primarily involved in the administration of medications, benefit from this simplified memory aid to help guide them to administer medications safely.